William James Hall and the Hoffman Labs have emerged victorious in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences (FAS) Environmental Competition 2008, Harvard’s biggest and most comprehensive eco-contest ever.The real winner, though: Earth itself.The five-month contest pitted 13 FAS buildings — led by their respective building managers — against each other on everything from recycling rates to energy consumption to the use of green materials and cleaners. The competition’s eye-popping achievements show the power of local actions in making global differences.From November to March, participating buildings saved 229 metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (MTCDE, a common measure of greenhouse gases). That’s the same as taking 42 cars off the road for a year, saving more than 26,000 gallons of gasoline. It’s also equivalent to the yearly carbon dioxide output of roughly 20 typical American homes, or to the carbon sequestered annually by some 52 acres of evergreen forest.And, thanks to the energy savings engendered by Environmental Competition 2008, FAS’s bottom line benefited to the not-insubstantial tune of $72,472, showing how living green and saving green need not be mutually exclusive.“Many of our buildings already stand out in terms of their environmental performance,” says Jay Phillips, director of building infrastructure and operations for FAS. “These annual competitions help us standardize some of the best maintenance and operations practices across campus, and share information about available technologies and products with our building managers.”Gold medalist William James Hall (WJH), home to the Psychology and Sociology departments, among others, recycled an impressive 73 percent of its waste. Other buildings, including the Barker Center, Boylston Hall, University Hall, and Paine Hall, all achieved recycling rates above 50 percent.“Being ‘green’ isn’t just about building design; it’s also about occupant behavior,” says Gosia Sklodowska, coordinator of FAS’s Campus Energy Reduction Program. “In a green building, all stakeholders and systems need to be working in unison toward reducing its impacts.”One-third of WJH occupants signed a pledge to green their lifestyles on campus and beyond, part of an annual campaign at Harvard whereby students, staff, and faculty voice their support for environmental initiatives and commit to implementing new green measures in their lives and work. Some 8,200 Harvard affiliates signed the pledge this year, including 550 who work in the 13 buildings taking part in the eco-challenge.WJH also led the way on managing energy consumption by computers.“Power management in computer labs is a great opportunity for reducing energy consumption,” Sklodowska says. “If 30 computers in a typical computer lab were power-managed — using sleep mode for monitors and standby for hard drives — we would save at least $1,500 per year and 7 MTCDE.”WJH building manager Herb Fuller found additional energy savings by installing colorful signs near the 15-story building’s elevators.“These signs sport sayings like: ‘Save Electricity: Take the Stairs!’ and ‘Get There Faster: Take the Stairs!’ or a personal favorite, ‘Exercise Today: Take the Stairs!’” Fuller says. “As a result, we are hearing reports of occupants passing one another and high-fiving on the staircase. There is now a small but proud community of people committed to reducing electricity consumption in this way.”Occupants of runner-up Hoffman Labs, which houses the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences and which won last year’s Environmental Competition, won kudos for their conscientious recycling practices, showing no contamination of recyclables with trash.The Department of Physics, in Jefferson Hall and Lyman Hall, earned honorable mention by attaining an impressive 22.39 percent reduction in energy use. The department placed energy-efficient hand dryers in four bathrooms — with hopes of installing more next year, according to building manager Stuart McNeil — and outfitted some labs and hallways with LED spotlights, which can last up to 50,000 hours, equivalent to 24 years of operation at eight hours per day, five days a week. McNeil says the LED lightbulbs will also soon be installed in more labs and classrooms.The Physics Department is taking aim at disposable cups, plates, and utensils, encouraging use of reusable tableware by providing building occupants with energy-efficient dishwashers known as dish drawers and offering reusable cups and saucers at the tea before its weekly colloquium.In the Center for Government and International Studies (CGIS), senior facility manager Matt Stec worked with CGIS Café manager Sodexho Corp. and Rob Gogan, Harvard’s supervisor of waste management, to set up a composting program for kitchen scraps. On the first day of the program, more than 50 pounds of food waste were diverted from the café’s waste stream.As part of Environmental Competition 2008, managers of all 13 buildings dimmed lights at night. All met with FAS energy manager Chris Trent to identify opportunities to conserve energy, upgrade lighting, and change building schedules to improve efficiency.“Using the NStar rebate program, I had motion detectors installed to control the lighting in all 28 restrooms as well as classrooms, public spaces, and our main auditorium,” says Fuller, the WJH building manager. “The project, costing just under $8,000 after the rebate, is projected to save over $7,100 in electricity per year.”Most building managers also reviewed their existing cleaning contracts with an eye to adopting greener soaps and cleaning products.“By changing to green cleaning supplies the cleaning quality didn’t suffer,” says CGIS’s Stec. “It’s a common misconception that by going to green cleaning the products are inferior. In actuality, they are quite comparable.”Several buildings, including the Littauer Center, CGIS, and Jefferson and Lyman, will be installing additional bike racks to encourage alternative transportation. Plans are being made to retrofit water fixtures in the Barker Center, WJH, and Littauer within the next few months. The Barker Center is also investigating installation of a rainwater catchment system on its lawn.Sklodowska says an emerging environmental priority for FAS offices is the embrace of recycled paper products and double-sided printing.“The average office worker uses 10,000 pages of paper per year, which is more than an entire tree,” she says. “Now that the quality of recycled-content paper has improved and the cost of 30 percent recycled paper and of virgin paper are the same, there are simply no good reasons not to use recycled paper.”
Finding the right schools and educational opportunities for each family member is an important part of any move. This chapter outlines Charleston, Berkeley and Dorchester counties’ public schools system, private schools, charter schools and home schooling criteria, as well as local libraries and higher education institutions. To be enrolled in a South Carolina school, a child must be at least 5 years old by Sept. 1 of the school year. Those wishing to register their child in school should bring the following to the school office: a birth certificate or other proof of the child’s age, and the child’s previous school records and immunization records. For more details on South Carolina’s minimum vaccine requirements for students in grades K-12, please visit the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control website at www.scdhec.gov. Check with the school for additional requirements.South Carolina does not use Common Core education standards. Instead, the state has set its own standards for public schools that can be found at http://ed.sc.gov/instruction/standards-learning. The state utilizes the Every Student Succeeds Act, which provides significant federal support for programs to serve students in kindergarten through 12th grade and replaces the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. ESSA limits the power of the federal government to set education policy for states and increases state and local flexibility in the use of federal funds.Choosing a SchoolChoosing the right school is very important, so be sure to research each one before deciding. Contact the school by phone or by visiting its website, which is a valuable source to learn about a school district’s statistics and curriculum. Talk to people in the area, especially friends and colleagues who already live there.If the school shows promise, schedule a visit and bring a list of written questions about student-teacher ratios, computer availability, extracurricular activities, sports programs, music programs, gifted programs and grading standards.Discuss the potential school with your child: what they liked and what they didn’t like. Your family’s ability to readily adapt to a move and to find happiness in your new home may depend, in part, on how happy your children are in their new school.CHARTER SCHOOLSCharter schools are public schools of choice that are tuition-free, serve all students and have open enrollment. For more information or a listing of charter schools in South Carolina, visit the South Carolina Public Charter School District website at www.sccharter.org.HOME SCHOOLINGFor an introduction to home schooling in South Carolina, visit the South Carolina Department of Education’s website at https://ed.sc.gov/districts-schools/state-accountability/home-schooling. Here you will find information on home-school rules and regulations, home-school associations and more.VirtualSChttps://virtualsc.orgVirtualSC is a free state-sponsored online program serving students currently attending public, private and home schools in grades six through 12 and adult education programs. VirtualSC offers free online courses aligned to state standards that are developed and taught by South Carolina-licensed teachers.Palmetto Homeschool Associationhttp://palmettoha.orgPalmetto Homeschool Association is different from other accountability associations in that it protects parents’ freedom to choose their own curriculum and school calendar, allows flexibility with assessing progress and maintaining records, and provides guidance so that the home school is in compliance with the South Carolina Option 3 law.PRIVATE SCHOOLSTo search for local private schools in South Carolina, visit the National Center for Education Statistics website and use the private school search tool at https://tinyurl.com/ybhpwoyt. Users may search by location, religious affiliation, school type and more.PUBLIC SCHOOLSBerkeley County School District229 E. Main St.Moncks Corner, SC 29461 843-899-8600|www.bcsdschools.netBerkeley County School District has 25 elementary schools, one combined elementary and middle school, 11 middle schools, 10 high schools and two education centers. The district has an enrollment of more than 33,000.Charleston County School District75 Calhoun St.Charleston, SC 29401843-937-6300www.ccsdschools.comCharleston County School District, the second-largest school system in South Carolina, represents a unique blend of urban, suburban and rural schools that span approximately 1,000 square miles of coastal lands. The district serves more than 50,000 students in 85 schools and several specialized programs.Dorchester School District Two115 Devon RoadSummerville, SC 29483 843-873-2901www.ddtwo.orgDorchester School District Two serves more than 25,000 students at 15 elementary schools, six middle schools and three high schools. The district also has an adult education program and an alternative program for middle and high school students.Dorchester School District Four500 Ridge St.St. George, SC 29477 843-563-4535www.dorchester4.k12.sc.usDorchester School District Four serves approximately 2,500 students. The district offers three elementary schools, two middle schools, a high school and an educational center for grades 6-12.
Pinterest Electronic cigarettes are widely promoted and used to help smokers quit traditional cigarettes, but a new analysis from UC San Francisco found that adult smokers who use e-cigarettes are actually 28 percent less likely to stop smoking cigarettes.The study — a systematic review and meta-analysis of published data — is the largest to quantify whether e-cigarettes assist smokers in quitting cigarettes.The findings will be published online January 14, 2016 in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine. “As currently being used, e-cigarettes are associated with significantly less quitting among smokers,” concluded first author Sara Kalkhoran, MD who was a clinical fellow at the UCSF School of Medicine when the research was conducted. She is now at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School.“E-cigarettes should not be recommended as effective smoking cessation aids until there is evidence that, as promoted and used, they assist smoking cessation,” Kalkhoran wrote.Electronic cigarettes, known by a variety of names including vapor pens, are battery-powered devices that heat nicotine and flavorings to deliver an aerosol inhaled by the user. While they are promoted as a way to quit traditional cigarettes, they also are promoted as a way to get nicotine in environments where traditional cigarettes are prohibited, even though more than 430 cities and several states ban their use in smoke free sites where conventional cigarettes are also prohibited.In 2015, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force concluded that there was insufficient evidence to recommend the devices to help adults quit smoking. No e-cigarette company has submitted an application to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to approve e-cigarettes for smoking cession, and the FDA has not taken any action against companies that claim e-cigarettes are effective for quitting smoking.In their analysis, the UCSF team reviewed 38 studies assessing the association between e-cigarette use and cigarette cessation among adult smokers. They then combined the results of the 20 studies that had control groups of smokers not using e-cigarettes in a meta-analysis that concluded that the odds of quitting smoking were 28 percent lower in smokers who used e-cigarettes compared to those who did not.There were no language restrictions imposed on the studies, which included both real-world observational as well as clinical studies. The studies included smokers who both were and were not interested in quitting, and included people as young as 15 years old.The studies included in the analysis controlled for many variables, including demographics, past attempts to quit, and level of nicotine dependence.“The irony is that quitting smoking is one of the main reasons both adults and kids use e-cigarettes, but the overall effect is less, not more, quitting,” said co-author Stanton A. Glantz, PhD, UCSF professor of medicine and director of the UCSF Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education. “While there is no question that a puff on an e-cigarette is less dangerous than a puff on a conventional cigarette, the most dangerous thing about e-cigarettes is that they keep people smoking conventional cigarettes.”“The fact that they are freely available consumer products could be important,” Glantz added.E-cigarette regulation has the potential to influence marketing and reasons for use, the authors wrote:“The inclusion of e-cigarettes in smoke-free laws and voluntary smoke-free policies could help decrease use of e-cigarettes as a cigarette substitute, and, perhaps, increase their effectiveness for smoking cessation. The way e-cigarettes are available on the market – for use by anyone and for any purpose – creates a disconnect between the provision of e-cigarettes for cessation as part of a monitored clinical trial and the availability of e-cigarettes for use by the general population.” Email Share on Twitter LinkedIn Share Share on Facebook
According to Belgian newspaper Het Laatste Nieuws, he turned down the approaches from the Red Devils and the Merseyside club, but now has dreams of joining Manchester City in the future.Speaking to the same publication, the 19-year-old explained his decision to knock-back United and Liverpool: “A diploma was a priority”. When talking about his future dreams, the midfielder responded “FC Barcelona or Manchester City: I dream of clubs like that.”Lokonga will need to get more experience and top performances with his current club, which will be necessary for him to attract interest from Pep Guardiola’s side and Barca.Embed from Getty ImagesAfter rejecting United and Liverpool, he joined Anderlecht’s academy in 2014 and then went on to make his first team debut in December 2017.The player’s progress was cut short after he suffered a long-term injury at the end of last year, but he’s regained his place in the squad this season.Lokonga’s current deal runs down in 2020, and Anderlecht have an option to extend it by another year. The teenager has said he’ll sign an extension if the numbers are right.“We are very close to an agreement for several seasons (three or four, ed.). If the club offers me an agreement that suits my value, then it will go quickly. It will be fine anyway,” he added.by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksTrending TodayForge of Empires – Free Online GameIf You Like to Play, this City-Building Game is a Must-Have. No Install.Forge of Empires – Free Online GameUndo聽多多 Hearmore.asia1969年前出生的香港居民現可免費試戴頂尖的歐洲助聽器聽多多 Hearmore.asiaUndoHero WarsGetting this Treasure is impossible! Prove us wrong!Hero WarsUndoCNN with DBS BankWhat Banks Did To Help Corporations Mitigate Future CrisesCNN with DBS BankUndoLoans | Search AdsNeed a loan? Search hereLoans | Search AdsUndoTheTopFiveVPNEnjoy Netflix Now Without Any RestrictionsTheTopFiveVPNUndoSmart Tech TrendOver 55? You Have to Try Those Revolutionary Glasses!Smart Tech TrendUndoSingles50Hong Kong: A 40+ Dating Site That Actually Works!Singles50Undo熱門話題來自日本的抽脂丸讓胖了10幾年的她變成靚女!熱門話題Undo Anderlecht’s Albert Sambi Lokonga had the opportunity to join Manchester United and Liverpool’s academy earlier in his career.