5G Americas White Paper Outlines 3GPP Release 13 to Release 15 and Beyond

first_img Advanced Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) antennas Self-Organizing Networks (SON) Carrier Aggregation (CA) and Dual Connectivity (DC) Proximity Services and Device-to-Device Communication for Public Safety (ProSe/D2D) Enhancements to support Active Antennas Systems (AAS) Licensed Assisted Access (LAA) Aggregation of LTE and WLAN (LWA and LWIP) Low power / wide area coverage for IoT applications through Cellular-IoT Enhancements to previously introduced LTE technologies The studies, explained in the whitepaper, focus on four main RAN specification areas: 1) Physical layer aspects; 2) Radio interface protocols and procedures; 3) Radio Network architecture, interfaces and protocols/procedures; and 4) Radio Frequency (RF) and performance requirements. At the service requirements level, the 3GPP studies include over 70 use cases for new opportunities in the next generation of telecommunications systems.The IMT-2020 process is in part driving the work in 3GPP to define a 5G technology which consists of a two-phased approach with Phase I focusing on 5G New Radio and Next Generation System Architecture studies (Rel-14) and normative specifications (Rel-15) by 2018, and Phase II including everything needed to meet IMT-2020 requirements in Rel-16 by the end of 2019.Click here to download the White Paper. A range of Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) and their target requirements Several target deployment scenarios, covering enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB), Ultra-Reliable Low Latency Communications (URLLC), massive Machine-Type Communications (mMTC), and also enhanced Vehicle to Everything (eV2X) Other requirements, e.g., covering architecture, services and operationcenter_img 5G Americas, the industry trade association and voice of 5G and LTE for the Americas has released a new white paper that outlines the impact of major progress and evolution of LTE technology and the developing 5G standards in current world scenario. The publication, Wireless Technology Evolution Towards 5G: 3GPP Release 13 to Release 15 and Beyond highlights the fact that the U.S. alone is approaching 90 percent penetration of LTE and that the stage is already being set for a new technology frontier with the advent of 5G wireless technologies.3GPP’s work of standardizing the technologies driving the largest mobile wireless ecosystems from GSM to LTE and now to 5G created the backbone for this whitepaper by 5G Americas. LTE is expected to be the dominant mobile wireless technology in the next decade with LTE-Advanced Pro in Rel-13 completed in 2016. The 5G Americas white paper provides a detailed discussion on the key feature enhancements that were included in 3GPP Rel-13, such as: The white paper also provides a detailed discussion of the LTE enhancements being worked on as part of Rel-14 including further MIMO enhancements, CA enhancements, enhanced LAA (eLAA), enhanced LWA (eLWA), Voice over LTE (VoLTE) enhancements and enhancements to ProSe/D2D. Rel-14 and Rel-15 represent the first phase of work in 3GPP towards 5G standards with Rel-14 focused on the study items towards 5G and Rel-15 on the first phase of normative specifications for 5G. 3GPP also agreed that Rel-14 and Rel-15 will introduce a New Radio (NR) access technology for 5G that will be flexible enough to support not only frequency bands below 6 GHz but also mmWave bands up to 100 GHz. The 5G Americas whitepaper provides details on 3GPP Rel-14 studies of the New Radio access technology, including Channel Modeling, RAN requirements, RAN technologies and potential solutions that meet a broad range of use cases. The RAN study item identifies typical deployment scenarios for next generation access technologies and the required performance and main functional capabilities like:last_img read more

‘Vulgar’, ‘dejected’, ‘unreliable’ – Things go from bad to worse for…

first_imgWhat to do with Coutinho? That is the big question in Spain these days, one asked by Marca on Monday, after the Brazilian’s performance against Sevilla, once again, left a lot to be desired.Bought from Liverpool for €120m + €40m in bonuses, the forward has yet to recapture his elating Anfield form at the Nou Camp, and it’s becoming a huge worry over in Barcelona.Mari Carmen Torres wrote an opinion piece on Coutinho for the Spanish newspaper where she states the 26-year-old has ‘literally disappeared’ this season, and when you do see him on the pitch, he looks ‘exhausted, dejected and unreliable’.This goes hand in hand with the 3/10 grade Sport gave him for his performance on Saturday, describing his overall performance as ‘vulgar’, needing to ‘add more’ to all aspects of his game where he is currently ‘imprecise’ in everything he does.Embed from Getty ImagesThe problem, as Torres points out, is that this isn’t down to lack of opportunities, as the former Liverpool man has made 36 appearances in all competition this season, scoring eight goals and picking up five assists.While those stats wouldn’t necessarily be dreadful for most players, it’s fair to say Coutinho isn’t ‘most players’ and a lot more is expected from the the Brazil international.It seems like Ernesto Valverde is reaching a crossroads, one where he needs to decide what his next move will be regarding Coutinho.Either he continues to play him and hopes things change (definition of insanity etc…) or he benches him and gives Ousmane Dembélé more of a chance down the left hand side.If he does decide to put him aside, then another question can be brought up: is it time for Barcelona to cut their losses and try and sell him in the summer before he loses even more value?We’ll have to wait and see for that one.by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksTrending TodayForge of Empires – Free Online GameIf You Like to Play, this City-Building Game is a Must-Have. No Install.Forge of Empires – Free Online GameUndoRaid: Shadow Legends | Free DownloadEven Non-Gamers Are Obsessed With This RPG Game (It’s Worth Installing!)Raid: Shadow Legends | Free DownloadUndoDating.comTung Chung is actually full of single men. Check them out on this premium dating site!Dating.comUndoPerfect-Dating.comReveal Tung Chung As The Best City to Date for Love & RomancePerfect-Dating.comUndoKeto减肥1個簡單的妙招一夜「融化」腹部贅肉(今晚試試)Keto减肥UndoCNBC InternationalHere’s How Big Businesses in Singapore Are Managing the Impact of COVID-19.CNBC InternationalUndo熱門話題小心會長過頭…網友推爆:「真的長得超誇張!」熱門話題UndoSingles50Hong Kong: A 40+ Dating Site That Actually Works!Singles50UndoCoworking Space | Search AdsThe cost of shared office in Hong Kong might surprise youCoworking Space | Search AdsUndolast_img read more