HomeFeaturedMalibu buys out City manager’s contract May. 05, 2021 at 6:00 amFeaturedNewsMalibu buys out City manager’s contractGuest Author1 month agoContractMalibuMalibu City Genevieve Finn, Malibu Times / SMDP Staff WriterMalibu City Manager Reva Feldman officially resigned from her post on Saturday, May 1 in a deal that will avoid the threat of a lawsuit.Malibu City Attorney John Cotti said the city would launch a national search for Feldman’s replacement “very soon” and that Steve McClary, a former city manager in Ojai, has been named as Interim City Manager.The terms of Feldman’s resignation were unanimously approved, 5-0, by Malibu city council. She received a payment of $150,000 on May 1, with the possibility of another on August 1, 2021, if she has not found a new job by then. Cotti said that the city’s insurer would contribute $150,000 of the total settlement amount.The agreement also stipulated that Feldman will not sue Malibu. Both Feldman and the city council also agreed to a non-disparagement clause, which means neither party will speak negatively about the other in public.Cotti said that the resignation agreement was not to be construed as any admission of wrongdoing by the city.Feldman’s resignation was announced after a long saga that came to a head during the most recent Malibu election cycle, when then-candidate Bruce Silverstein pledged to work to remove Feldman if elected; Silverstein was subsequently elected in November 2020, winning the highest number of votes out of all eight candidates. On social media, Silverstein often lambasted Feldman, calling her “an unelected fascist” and “a tyrannical leader” and describing her leadership style as “opaque, unaccountable and unethical.” Feldman told the council that Silverstein bombarded her with records requests, making it difficult for her to complete her other duties as city manager.Feldman was also implicated in allegations made by former Malibu City Council Member Jefferson “Zuma Jay” Wagner, who, with the help of Silverstein, shared a sworn affidavit last winter detailing a City Hall culture where “favors” were often done for “friends and/or supporters of [Feldman].” Feldman’s lawyer Therese Cannata rejected Wagner’s allegations via email to The Malibu Times.Following the announcement of Feldman’s departure, Wagner said he is interested in the City Manager’s job himself.Feldman, whose work has been defended by other council members both present and past, initially came under fire following the Woolsey Fire, the response to which many residents feel she botched.Feldman, via Cannata, sent the council a letter in January 2021 saying that she would agree to a payout. “Because Ms. Feldman is under a constant attack by Mr. Silverstein, she lives in fear of retaliation for doing her job and exercising her professional judgment in the performance of her duties,” Cannata wrote. “[Feldman] is extremely distressed and frightened by recent events, causing her sleepless nights and stressful days. Mr. Silverstein presents as someone who is unstable and unpredictable.”Feldman worked for the City of Malibu since 2005; she was appointed city manager in 2016, according to the city’s website.During her tenure, she grew the city’s general fund reserves from $7 million to $30 million, helped the city acquire a large parcel of vacant land, coordinated millions of dollars of debt issuance and helped establish the city’s AA+/AAA bond rating — a measurement which signifies a city’s high level of creditworthiness and is instrumental in the city’s ability to win funding for projects. She oversaw city staff in managing environmental programs, coordinated projects such as the $60 million Civic Center Water Treatment Facility and the remodeling of Malibu City Hall and led the city through the COVID-19 pandemic. In 2019, Feldman was recognized by her peers as the CCMF City Manager of the Year and represented Malibu on multiple regional and statewide agencies, according to information shared by Cannata.“Reva’s ties to Malibu run deep,” the statement said. “She raised her family in Malibu with her daughter attending Webster Elementary and Malibu Middle and High School.”Outgoing Malibu Mayor Mikke Pierson said he was grateful to Feldman during his remarks and there was a “goodbye” event for her held over Zoom Wednesday, April 28, at 5 p.m.Feldman’s original contract was set to expire in May 2022, according to that letter. Cannata asked that Feldman’s contract be bought out for $375,000, approximately one year of her salary, meaning that Feldman’s final buyout, which totals $300,000 if all is paid, was less than her original ask.As Cotti read out the terms of Feldman’s resignation, both Feldman and Silverstein conveyed little emotion, remaining impassive against their blue Zoom backgrounds. Neither Feldman nor any council member commented following the announcement.“It has been an honor to serve the residents of Malibu and to help the community that I have been a part of for almost two decades,” Feldman later said in a statement from Cannata. “I am so proud of how much the City has accomplished, and I am grateful for the support of the City staff, residents and councilmembers that I have had the pleasure to work with.”This story is published as part of a partnership between the Malibu Times and SMDP.Tags :ContractMalibuMalibu Cityshare on Facebookshare on Twitteradd a commentPacific Park To Hold Job Fair To Fill More Than 200 Spring And Summer Positions On May 8WORDS MATTERYou Might Also LikeFeaturedNewsBobadilla rejects Santa Monica City Manager positionMatthew Hall5 hours agoNewsCouncil picks new City ManagerBrennon Dixson15 hours agoFeaturedNewsProtesting parents and Snapchat remain in disagreement over child protection policiesClara Harter15 hours agoFeaturedNewsDowntown grocery to become mixed use developmenteditor15 hours agoNewsBruised but unbowed, meme stock investors are back for moreAssociated Press15 hours agoNewsWedding boom is on in the US as vendors scramble to keep upAssociated Press15 hours ago
Home Orange could buy smaller European operators – exec Author Related The head of Orange’s European operations, Gervais Pellissier, said the company would be interested in acquiring smaller operators in the region, according to the Financial Times.This list could potentially include players like Telecom Italia, as well as Netherlands-based KPN and Belgacom in Belgium, the report said.There has recently been a renewed focus on deal-making in Europe, although the focus has been on in-market consolidation rather than cross-border alliances.Pellissier said “there will be inter-country or intra-European consolidation” in the next five years where “players who are today playing on a single market or near to a single market, might be purchased by those who are bigger.”“For sure, one of those might be a target for us,” he added.However, he admitted that regulators may oppose consolidation.“The official political speech that the new executive body in Brussels of the Union will be more in favour of consolidation is not completely true,” he said, adding that “the view of the commission on the number of players, at least for most of the market, has not completely changed that four is better than three.”For his part, Pellissier believes “the situation with four players is not sustainable in the long term” in France and went on to say that the only player “not for sale in the French market is us.”Ultimately though, he said “the choice is not in our hands. It is up to others to decide what to do.”In March, Telecom Italia quashed speculation about a tie-up with Orange, with Giuseppe Recchi, chairman of the Italian player, stating there is “nothing on the table”, and that Telecom Italia is “focused on the Italian and Brazilian markets.”This was after Orange CEO Stephane Richard said that Telecom Italia presented “an attractive European consolidation opportunity,” only to later play down the comment saying it is a “purely internal discussion”.In some ways, an alliance between the two would make sense: there is no overlap between Orange’s European and African markets and those of Telecom Italia in Europe and Latin America.Orange is Europe’s second-largest service provider by number of subscribers and has been dealing with price wars in its home market of France ever since the arrival of low-cost operator Free in January 2012.Telecom Italia, which has struggled with debt, is often seen as a potential target, with its Brazilian assets particularly regarded as attractive.But it is also seeing signs of stabilisation in its home market, having invested heavily in improving the quality of its fixed and mobile networks. Saleha joined Mobile World Live in October 2014 as a reporter and works across all e-newsletters – creating content, writing blogs and reports as well as conducting feature interviews…More Read more Previous ArticleEricsson appears to backtrack on 50B connected device visionNext ArticleAT&T chief unsure of Google’s intention for mobile market AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInLinkedInShare to TwitterTwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookFacebookShare to MoreAddThisMore 03 JUN 2015 Orange Ventures injects €30M into new fund Orange makes secure cloud pact for French market Saleha Riaz Telecom Italia confident on hitting annual goals Tags OrangeTelecom Italia
Valencia’s efforts to strengthen their squad were temporarily paralysed following the crisis between general manager Mateu Alemany and the club’s owner Peter Lim. Though it has now been resolved, Los Che’s transfer business, in terms of incomings, hasn’t progressed well.According to Cadena Ser, as relayed by AS, Valencia have turned their attention towards Manchester City’s Eliaquim Mangala after struggling to sign Alaves’ Víctor Laguardia.Alaves are demanding a €10-12m fee for Laguardia, which Valencia are unwilling to pay. Therefore, Pep Guardiola’s centre-back has emerged as ‘real option’ for them.Mangala’s contract with the Premier League winners runs down in 2020. The Spanish club want the 28-year-old to terminate his contract at the Etihad to sign for Marcelino’s side.Valencia will not be able to meet his current wages and Mangala would have to lower his salary demands to make things work.Manchester City allowed Mangala to go out on loan to Valencia during the 2016/17 season and his return to the club is now ‘seriously’ considered.by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksTrending TodayForge of Empires – Free Online GameIf You Like to Play, this Strategy Game is AddictiveForge of Empires – Free Online GameUndoDating.comWhere do attractive singles meet in Tung Chung?Dating.comUndo聽多多 Hearmore.asia1969年前出生的香港居民現可免費試戴頂尖的歐洲助聽器聽多多 Hearmore.asiaUndoCNN with DBS BankWhat Banks Did To Help Corporations Mitigate Future CrisesCNN with DBS BankUndoPerfect-Dating.comThousands of successful men are looking for women in Tung ChungPerfect-Dating.comUndoLoans | Search AdsNeed a loan? Search hereLoans | Search AdsUndoTheTopFiveVPNEnjoy Netflix Now Without Any RestrictionsTheTopFiveVPNUndoSingles50Hong Kong: A 40+ Dating Site That Actually Works!Singles50UndoSmart Tech TrendOver 60? You Have to Try Those Revolutionary Glasses!Smart Tech TrendUndo
AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREWhicker: Clemson demonstrates that it’s tough to knock out the champBut city officials said that while the measure is broadly written to cover changing communications technology, it is not designed to tax the Internet. “For the foreseeable future, this is the law of the land. It’s very clear for us it doesn’t allow for taxation of the Internet,” said Nick Velasquez, spokesman for City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo. And counsel to Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa said the city would have to seek voter approval even if federal law changed to allow taxation of Internet access. “We would have to go back to voters to update our ordinance,” spokeswoman Janelle Erickson said. “Our position is that Measure S does not tax the Internet and we have no intention of taxing the Internet.” Measure S would rewrite the city’s current telephone-users tax, which has been challenged in court by telephone companies. Despite assurances that a telephone-users tax on the February ballot is simply aimed at modernizing how Los Angeles taxes communications systems, wording in the measure opens the door to also taxing Internet access. Federal law currently prohibits taxes on Internet access and e-mail – but that law sunsets in 2014, and some watchdogs said Monday that if the broadly written Measure S telephone tax passes it could allow the city to tax Internet access without additional voter approval. “How do you say you’re not taxing the Internet when the statute specifically says it’s covering DSL, Voice-Over-Internet protocol, text messaging, instant messaging and PCS?” said Walter Moore, who is writing the opposition to the measure for the Feb. 5 ballot. “You don’t need a law degree to realize this is a tax on the Internet and wireless and all that.” The existing tax language is outdated and doesn’t expressly cover new telephone-like technologies, such as wireless or Voice-Over-Internet protocols. Measure S would swap in a Communications Users Tax that includes broad language to allow the city to tax the routing of voice, audio, video, data or other communication information transmitted through fiber optic, coaxial cables, power lines, broadband, DSL or wireless systems. That could cover everything from a land-line telephone call and a photograph sent from a cell-phone camera to a text message sent via BlackBerry. The tax would exempt downloaded books, music, ringtones, games and similar digital products. City Administrative Officer Karen Sisson said the Communications Users Tax was purposely written as broadly as possible. “We don’t know what form telephony is going to take moving forward. You can’t foresee what that includes in the future,” Sisson said. Under Proposition 218, the city must seek voter approval every time a tax is changed so L.A. officials drafted the measure in such a way to make it less likely they would have to hold another election to change the tax. The current tax on telephone service is 10percent and generates $270million a year for the city. Measure S would lower the tax rate to 9percent, but expand the tax to new services. It is estimated to generate $243million annually. Voters in the city of Covina voted down a revamped telephone-users tax earlier this year, in part because of concerns that the measure could have allowed the city to tax Internet access in the future. Pasadena has a similar telephone-tax measure up for voter approval in February, drafted by the same law firm that advised Delgadillo on Measure S. But in Pasadena, the city and opponents have been battling over ballot statements by opponents who charge that their Measure D would “force” a tax on Internet access. “The current text of Measure D allows the city to tax Internet access, but does not require it to do so,” an attorney for the city of Pasadena wrote in a petition filed in court last week. Although Los Angeles’ measure has similar language to Pasadena’s ballot measure, Delgadillo’s office said Measure S was drafted assuming the federal ban on Internet taxation would remain in place. “As it currently stands, federal law does not allow for Internet taxation,” Velasquez said. “That federal law was taken into account as this measure was crafted by our office.”160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
9 June 2011President Jacob Zuma’s visit to assess the state of education in the Eastern Cape had positive spin-offs for at least one school in the province.Principal of Thobani Senior Secondary School in Peddie, Simphiwe Mzayidume, said construction work on a computer lab that was abandoned in May 2008 suddenly resumed, a week before Zuma’s visit to schools in the province on Wednesday.“While I am happy construction has started again, I have to ask why it takes a visit by President Zuma to the province in order for local government to deliver services,” Mzayidume said.Zuma, Basic Education Minister Angie Motshekga and Deputy Minister Enver Surty, along with Eastern Cape Premier Noxolo Kiviet and Education MEC Mandla Makupula, visited Thobani Senior and two other schools in Mdantsane.“The Office of the Presidency has been inundated with reports that education in the province is in a shambles, which is why we have decided to visit,” Zuma said.The feedback the delegation received was the same at all three schools, with staff and pupils complaining about a number of issues, including a lack of resources, poor infrastructure and staff shortages.Mzayidume said his school has had many challenges over the years, 2011 being no exception. The school didn’t have a maths teacher from the beginning of the year until March, when a temporary teacher was employed. The school has also been plagued by problems of insufficient reading and study material, no computer lab and no proper toilets.“We’ve often had to pay for reading material out of our own pockets,” said Mzayidume. “We’ve also had to operate with one toilet for the girls and no toilet at all for the boys.”He said that despite the challenges, the school still performed very well. In 2009, the school achieved a 100% matric pass rate, which he said dropped to 70% in 2010 due to the nationwide strike by teachers.“This school is a shining example of what can be done in the face of adversity,” Zuma said. “I commend them for their dedication in ensuring education is administered despite the odds.”Motshekga promised immediate action to remedy the problems at Thobani Senior and commended the community for their role in the school’s success.“The way that everybody in the community has taken ownership of this school shows that people care about the importance of education in this area.”Motshekga committed herself to finding a permanent maths teacher for the school, providing a science lab and making sure study materials were delivered.Zuma also promised that the new computer lab would be equipped with 20 computers once it was completed.Source: BuaNews
Related Posts A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Tags:#Google#Product Reviews#search#web As our network blog AltSearchEngines reported this morning, the long-awaited and much hyped natural language processing search engine Powerset launched this morning. Kind of. For now, the search service only uses Wikipedia and Freebase as source material for answers to your query. So it’s not really fair to compare it to Google yet, but this is a search engine, and that means it will always be held to the gold standard set by the market leader.Comparing the two is tricky, since Google searches the entire web and Powerset only processes two sites. The admittedly not very scientific method that we came up with was to compare a handful of searches on Powerset, to the results for the same query on Google restricted to “site:wikipedia.org.”Powerset does some interesting things with general queries, such as displaying “Factz,” which is an ontology showing various concepts related to your query and how they relate to one another, or “Dossiers,” which are a summary of key information about your query. Sometimes it yields some odd results (such as this query for “ants” for which the key finding is that ants are “a fictional race from the video game Crash Twinsanity.”) However, the real promise of NLP search engines, in our opinion, is that users will be able to make search queries using natural language — or in other words, by asking a question. So we chose a few questions at random — things we knew Wikipedia would have answers for — and threw them at both Powerset and Google.Query: Who invented dental floss?Powerset’s answer for this query was curious. The number one result comes from the Wikipedia entry for dental floss and highlights this line: “It was around this time, however, that Dr. Charles C. Bass developed nylon floss.” Charles Bass, however, is not the correct answer. Earlier in the same article is this line, “Levi Spear Parmly, a dentist from New Orleans, is credited with inventing the first form of dental floss.” Why didn’t Powerset find it? It’s second results, which comes from a Wikipedia entry on scientific achievements from the year 1815, correctly highlights Parmly as the inventor.Google performed poorly for this query. The same 1815 article is identified in the sixth spot on the results, with the sentence mentioning Levi Spear Parmly highlighted, but the first few results aren’t even close. Even though that’s not as impressive as Powerset’s results, both would require a user to click through to the article to verify the answer (because Powerset returned two different answers), and is scrolling to the 6th spot really that taxing? Taxing enough to make you switch to a new search engine? Interestingly, this query set loose on all of Google does quite well, returning the correct answer in a link to a trivia site in the first result.Query: What is the capital of France?Not surprisingly, both Google and Powerset nail this one. Both point to the Wikipedia entry on Paris, France in the number one spot with the sentence, “Paris is the capital of France” highlighted.Query: Where is Paris?This is a fundamentally more challenging query, because there are a large number of cities and towns called “Paris” in the world. And not surprisingly, neither search engine gives what we would call a “perfect” result.Both return the article on Paris, France first. On Google, that’s followed but a handful of other articles about the city and one about Paris, Tennessee. On Powerset, the second article is about Paris Hilton — um? — followed by one about Paris, Texas, and in fourth place the most helpful article it could have returned, the disambiguation page on Wikipedia for Paris. (Oddly, with the question mark, the query returned “Paris, Missouri” from Freebase, and without the question mark it returned “Paris, Texas.”)On Google at large, the results focus almost exclusively on Paris, France.It would seem that both search engines generally understand that “where is Paris” means that Paris is a place (though upon reflection, perhaps we could have been searching for the location of Paris Hilton…), but neither recognize very well that it could mean any number of different places.Query: Who is Joey Tribbiani?Both Powerset and Google correctly call up the article about this fictional character in their first spot, but Google actually does a better job of highlighting who he is. Compare: 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Google: After the 2003/2004 final season of Friends, Joey Tribbiani became the main character of Joey, a spin-off TV series, where he moved to L.A. to polish his …Powerset: In the end of the series, Joey was the only Friend that ended up without a lover or a spouse, even though he is the one that dated the most women. … Joey becomes good friends with an attractive female attorney named Alex, who, along with her husband, a travelling [sic] musician named Eric, is Joey’s landlord.Google has the name of both shows in which the character appears in their excerpt, while Powerset’s excerpt is made up of information about the series’ that only someone who already knew the character would understand (without clicking through to read the full article) — and it doesn’t differentiate between the two — before the ellipses the excerpt is talking about “Friends” and after it is talk about “Joey.”Google at large also finds the Wikipedia article first with the same excerpt — it also finds clips of the show on YouTube, and the actor’s (Matt LeBlanc) IMDB entry, as well the official site for the spin-off “Joey.”ConclusionThis was really just a very quick and informal test, and we barely put Powerset through its paces. But our first snap impressions are that Powerset doesn’t do a markedly better job of finding answers than Google for most queries. Some might argue that we didn’t play to Powerset’s strengths and frame our queries properly, or search for things obscure enough to notice any differentiation. But the promise of natural language search is that people don’t have to learn how to search — they can just ask questions as they normally would. We also can’t expect that everything they’re going to look for will be obscure and hard to find via traditional search engines — more often than not, they probably won’t be.Powerset will have an immense uphill battle to make any sort of dent in the search market. Google controls 67% of searches in the US, and the top 4 search engines make up about 98% of searches. If Google remains “good enough,” Powerset will have a hard time convincing people to switch. It will be easier to make a judgment about the company’s future as a real Google competitor once it is crawling more than two sites, however.What do you think about Powerset? Impressed? Not impressed? Let us know in the comments below. josh catone 1 Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic…
sarah perez Tags:#Apple#mobile#news#NYT#Real World#Trends#web Related Posts Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces What it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech … Role of Mobile App Analytics In-App Engagement Engineers at the University of Washington are developing the first mobile technology able to transmit American Sign Language (ASL) over cellular networks. The software called MobileASL currently runs on phones imported from Europe while being tested, but it could be configured to run on any device in the near future. If you’re wondering how the engineers are claiming “first” when video conferencing solutions, most notably Apple’s FaceTime and mobile video applications like Fring, already provide face-to-face communications ideal for signing, the difference is in the technology behind mobileASL itself. MobileASL Could Work on Any Phone Over 3G The UW team, led by Eve Riskin, a professor of electrical engineering, claim that Apple’s FaceTime uses 10 times the bandwidth of MobileASL. FaceTime is also currently limited to Wi-Fi, although Apple may eventually open it up to run over 3G, assuming network operators could manage the overhead. Fring works over both Wi-Fi and 3G, but is limited to various smartphones like the iPhone, phones built with Google’s Android mobile OS and certain Nokia devices. MobileASL, on the other hand, could be integrated into any device that has a video camera on the same side of the phone as the screen.It also increases the video quality around the face and hands while optimizing the compressed video signals specifically for sign language. The software even detects whether a person is signing or not in order to extend the phone’s battery life during use. Jessica Tran, a doctoral student in electrical engineering who is running the field study, is experimenting with different compression systems to further extend the battery life of phones under heavy video use. Another researcher, engineering doctoral student Jaehong Chon, made MobileASL compatible with H.264, an industry standard for video compression. The field test underway now, with students in the UW Summer Academy for Advancing Deaf and Hard of Hearing in Computing, is the first of its kind. “This is the first study of how deaf people in the United States use mobile video phones,” Riskin said. Most of the study participants say that email or texting are currently their preferred methods of communication. This MobileASL technology may eventually change that. FaceTime Still a Good Alternative for Now However, it’s not alone in its goal of making smartphones more useful to people with disabilities. Video Relay Services company ZVRSrecently announced its launch of a mobile video relay service that works with Apple’s FaceTime to enable single-tap, face-to-face video interpreting. The service was released to the public on July 26, the 20th anniversary of the Americans with Disabilities Act. The iPhone-only FaceTime-enabled service works by connecting those in need to a video interpreter by way of a special phone number. But while ZVRS’s service only works on the iPhone 4, mobileASL technology could potentially work on any phone. And that, in many ways, makes it a first. Image credits: University of Washington, ZVRS, Apple The Rise and Rise of Mobile Payment Technology
Related Posts It is no secret that what the U.S. cellular carriers call “4G” is really not 4G at all. It is really more like “pre-4G” or “3G+.” Real “4G”, as defined by the International Telecommunications Union, does not exist. Yesterday though, we got one step closer. The ITU, a branch of the United Nations, announced yesterday the official standards for the next generation of wireless technology. Dubbed IMT-Advanced, the standard lays the rules of the road for what technologies like LTE and WiMax will eventually in to. What will the real 4G look like?To understand IMT-Advanced, you need to know how we got to this point. If IMT-Advanced is truly the fourth generation of wireless technology, there obviously are three generations that preceded it. Let’s take a quick look at the history.1G (Pre-1990): Analog Mobile Phone System and Frequency Division Multiple Access (AMPS & FDMA). The forefather of all cellular technology. Think of satellite or car phones or those really big things that used to require a brief case to lug around. I am always reminded of Martin Cooper and the original one-pound cellphone and how people used to gawk at him while he walked down the street in New York City chatting away. 2G (1991-2000): Time Division Multiple Access and Code Division Multiple Access (TDMA & CDMA). This is where the great rift between AT&T and Verizon originated. Ma Bell used the TDMA standard while Big Red has been built off of CDMA and its evolutions. This is the era when cellphone became more commonplace but by no means ubiquitous. Cellular adoption ramped up through the 1990s as phones evolved, going from the relative blocks of Kyocera and Nokia to the concept of flip phones that would dominate well into the first half of the 2000s. 2.5G (2000-Present): General Packet Radio System (GRPS) and CDMA 1x. The rise of the data packet, BlackBerry and the first versions of the mobile Web through Wireless Access Protocol (WAP). Speeds at 2.5G were about 156 kilobits down per second. 2.75G (2003-Present): Enhanced Data Rates For Global Evolution (EDGE). The iPhone was originally an EDGE phone. This is a Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) standard employed by AT&T and T-Mobile.3G (2000-Present): Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) and CDMA 2000. This is where we really started getting speeds that could handle full Internet data packets, up to 8 megabits per second down. This is also where the precursor to what the ITU calls “4G.” Before announcing the standards for IMT-Advanced, the last standards that the ITU approved were for IMT-2000, what is generally considered to be 3G. GSM and CDMA continue to be separate and incompatible. This is also the beginning of the rise of in your face marketing from the carriers in the United States all claiming to have the fastest 3G networks. 3.5G (2006-Present): High Speed Packet Access (HSPA) and Evolution-Data Optimized Revolution (EV-DO). The approved 3G standard starts to evolve and speeds get faster and data is carried over cellular connections more reliably. This is the foundation that the current app economy is based on.3.9G (2008-Present): Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access(WiMax), Long Term Evolution (LTE) and HSPA+. When the carriers shout, “my 4G is blazing fast!” this is what they are talking about. Though this is not technically 4G, the ITU begin allowing carriers to market these technologies as 4G in December 2010 stating that any technology is that a significant advancement to the 3G standard can be called 4G. Speeds here have the potential to be up to 45 to 80 megabits per second down under ideal circumstances, which basically never exist. Currently, the best these standards can operate under real world conditions is about 14.4 megabits per second down. Sometimes higher, mostly lower. Which brings us to today. IMT-Advanced is the significant jump of where these technologies can deliver reliable speeds of 1 gigabit per second down while stationary or 100 megabits per second while in motion (in a car, for instance). The technologies will be based on WiMax-Advanced and LTE-Advanced. This is also the end of the road for HSPA, which cannot evolve past its current form (though, with tweaks, can deliver speeds in excess of 100 megabits per second in ideal conditions). IMT-Advanced is also completely IP-based and will be compatible with IPv6. IP will the prime pipeline of voice, text and data for all cellular technologies. “IMT-Advanced would be like putting a fibre optic broadband connection on your mobile phone, making your phone at least 100 times faster than today’s 3G smart phones,” said François Rancy, director of ITU’s Radiocommunication Bureau. “But it’s not only about speed; it’s about efficiency. IMT-Advanced will use radio-frequency spectrum much more efficiently making higher data transfers possible on lesser bandwidth. This will enable mobile networks to face the dramatic increase in data traffic that is expected in the coming years”Do not expect IMT-Advanced “4G” to come around any time soon though. It has taken AT&T more than a year to start delivering LTE capabilities and it is still only in a handful of cities in the U.S. Verizon has a more advanced LTE infrastructure but the need to move more quickly was evident for Verizon as the CDMA infrastructure started to decay and hit a dead end that could not be evolved. Sprint uses WiMax through its partnership with Clearwire, but WiMax probably does not have a future in the U.S. (as far as cellphones are concerned). Sprint has also started deploying LTE. T-Mobile will continue to build out its HSPA+ capabilities though right now it is missing the boat on LTE and will have problems conjuring up the bandwidth and financial capital to develop its own LTE network (this was the prime driver of its attempt to be acquired by AT&T).Also, do not expect the carriers to abide by the notion of “4G” as defined by the ITU. The marketing departments will not stand for it. IMT-Advanced will likely lead us into the new and exciting realm of “5G.” It is the nature of how the environment operates. Tags:#mobile#news#Trends Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces dan rowinski Role of Mobile App Analytics In-App Engagement What it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech … The Rise and Rise of Mobile Payment Technology
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Is it the extraordinarily long tendons in his feet or is it his ancestry that enables sport’s greatest ever sprinter Usain Bolt to lay claim to the title “fastest man on earth?” Some even speculate that it’s the percentage of high twitch fibres in his body that give Bolt that extra advantage. Can he go any faster, wonder fans of track and field? We can only wait and see.Some believe that athletes have reached their biological limits, and training regimens aren’t likely to alter their physiology and anatomy any further. Only scientific advancements and genetic interventions will be able to stretch the limits of athletic performance. A runner who aspires for Bolt’s speed, for example, could consider manipulating his DNA to code for fast type muscle fibres, as the science for this is nearly in place.From herbs in the 1800′ s to amphetamines, tranquillisers and anabolic steroids that gained popularity during Hitler’s regime in the 1990′ s, performance- enhancing drugs and technologies have kept evolving. And international drug monitoring bodies are desperately trying to keep pace. Twenty years ago, drug testing in sports was at its inception. Now, a whole industry revolves around it, and millions of dollars are spent in developing detection techniques.Still, each time someone is “caught” we are left a little more disappointed and skeptical: How much of sports performance is natural, we wonder, and how much is artificially induced? Stories of positive dope tests end up overshadowing the accomplishments of athletes. Those who watched the golden girls of the Indian track striking gold in the relay during the 2010 Commonwealth and Asian Games couldn’t help feeling let down when three of them were officially charged with doping and issued bans by the National Anti-Doping Agency (NADA) last month.advertisementAs science advances, so will methods of doping. Medical developments will continually tempt sportspeople to opt for ways of tricking their own bodies into developing larger muscles or greater endurance.Ashwini Akkunji, Sini Jose and Mandeep Kaur face doping bans.When a drug for anaemia was developed a decade ago, a black market for it developed among those in endurance sports such as cyclists. The drug contained a natural hormone called erythropoietin which boosts blood production in the body, increasing its oxygen carrying capacity and endurance by 20 per cent. This technique of “blood doping” became rampant until a test was devised to detect this it in 2000.In the same year, high tech swimsuits were developed and improved swimming performances that had stagnated after the ’90’ s. Michael Phelps’s polyurethane laced suit helped him win 8 golds in the 2008 Olympics. But matters took a turn when professional swimmers began competing in suits made entirely of polyurethane. The added buoyancy provided by this material combined with its ability to squeeze the body into a streamlined shape led to its ban in 2010.The next generation of doping, say experts, will involve the use of highly risky genetic techniques that were originally developed to treat human diseases. A gene to make testosterone could be introduced into the body for stronger muscles, another to boost endurance, build focus and so on.The potential of gene doping is huge: Since the body ultimately creates the changes being sought at a cellular level, MRI scans and muscle biopsies were the only means of detection till recently. Now, WADA has announced that a test to catch genetic “dopers” is ready for use in the London Olympics.Where will all this end, you may wonder? In today’s culture of elite athletics it’s hard to distinguish where training ends and cheating begins. Nutritional supplements and drugs are so ingrained in fitness routines that the distinction between what is natural and what is artificially enhanced is becoming tougher to make. Is a natural supplement that can improve sports ability permissible or not? What about deer antler velvet, which is being touted as an effective way of boosting athletic performance. Is it more ethical to ingest this than opt for blood doping? PETA would say no.The answers aren’t easy. One thing we know for sure, however, is that the lying and cheating will go on as long as detection is the main objective. And the competition will simply move from the track and pool to the trickier one between technologies that enhance performance and those that detect them. The next generation of doping will involve the use of highly risky genetic techniques that were originally developed to treat diseases ===Fad diets face flak At the beginning of every year, Gwyneth Paltrow goes on a detox diet. This time she is on ‘Clean,’ a three week cleansing programme of high fibre foods, oils and pills that sends people running to the loo constantly. Both doctors and Paltrow’s fans have panned this diet, even though the actress loves it.advertisementThe tapeworm diet is another bizarre diet that has been slammed for its unhealthy impact. Offered at some places in Mexico, this involves ingesting beef tapeworm cysts. These interfere with the digestion and absorption of food, so a person can lose weight even while she keeps eating.Scientists say tapeworm infestation can result in a loss of one to two pounds per week. Once the target weight loss is reached, an antibiotic to kill the tapeworm is given.The diet can have disastrous side-effects, as the parasite competes for vitamins and other important nutrients, which may result in nutritional deficiencies. In addition, dieters will probably regain all the weight that is lost if they continue with the same eating habits after the tapeworm is expelled. ===IV vitamin therapy is back in vogue 50 years after Baltimore doctor John Myers created an injectable “Myers Cocktail” consisting of vitamins B6, B12 and magnesium for the treatment of fatigue and depression.Proponents swear that this delivers nutrients directly to the bloodstream, boosting immunity and energy levels.Drips for almost all ailments can be bought: Achy bones need the calcium-magnesium drip, and flu needs the zinc and vitamin B and C combo.===Recycled hearts offer new life It may spook you out to know that pacemakers from cadavers in the US have found takers in Indian heart patients in dire need of pacemakers which they cannot afford.A team of Indian researchers have tied up with American doctors affiliated with Stimubank and Heartbeat International, whose mission is to transport free pacemakers to poorer countries.The reason implantable devices have been largely ignored for recycling is due to the FDA’s concerns about possible infection.The 53 devices selected were rigorously cleaned and sterilised before they were sent to Holy Family Hospital in Mumbai, and are functioning effectively in those who needed them without any significant complications.