Sorry, vapers: E-cigarettes aren’t helping smokers quit, study shows

first_imgPinterest Electronic cigarettes are widely promoted and used to help smokers quit traditional cigarettes, but a new analysis from UC San Francisco found that adult smokers who use e-cigarettes are actually 28 percent less likely to stop smoking cigarettes.The study — a systematic review and meta-analysis of published data — is the largest to quantify whether e-cigarettes assist smokers in quitting cigarettes.The findings will be published online January 14, 2016 in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine. “As currently being used, e-cigarettes are associated with significantly less quitting among smokers,” concluded first author Sara Kalkhoran, MD who was a clinical fellow at the UCSF School of Medicine when the research was conducted. She is now at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School.“E-cigarettes should not be recommended as effective smoking cessation aids until there is evidence that, as promoted and used, they assist smoking cessation,” Kalkhoran wrote.Electronic cigarettes, known by a variety of names including vapor pens, are battery-powered devices that heat nicotine and flavorings to deliver an aerosol inhaled by the user. While they are promoted as a way to quit traditional cigarettes, they also are promoted as a way to get nicotine in environments where traditional cigarettes are prohibited, even though more than 430 cities and several states ban their use in smoke free sites where conventional cigarettes are also prohibited.In 2015, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force concluded that there was insufficient evidence to recommend the devices to help adults quit smoking. No e-cigarette company has submitted an application to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to approve e-cigarettes for smoking cession, and the FDA has not taken any action against companies that claim e-cigarettes are effective for quitting smoking.In their analysis, the UCSF team reviewed 38 studies assessing the association between e-cigarette use and cigarette cessation among adult smokers. They then combined the results of the 20 studies that had control groups of smokers not using e-cigarettes in a meta-analysis that concluded that the odds of quitting smoking were 28 percent lower in smokers who used e-cigarettes compared to those who did not.There were no language restrictions imposed on the studies, which included both real-world observational as well as clinical studies. The studies included smokers who both were and were not interested in quitting, and included people as young as 15 years old.The studies included in the analysis controlled for many variables, including demographics, past attempts to quit, and level of nicotine dependence.“The irony is that quitting smoking is one of the main reasons both adults and kids use e-cigarettes, but the overall effect is less, not more, quitting,” said co-author Stanton A. Glantz, PhD, UCSF professor of medicine and director of the UCSF Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education. “While there is no question that a puff on an e-cigarette is less dangerous than a puff on a conventional cigarette, the most dangerous thing about e-cigarettes is that they keep people smoking conventional cigarettes.”“The fact that they are freely available consumer products could be important,” Glantz added.E-cigarette regulation has the potential to influence marketing and reasons for use, the authors wrote:“The inclusion of e-cigarettes in smoke-free laws and voluntary smoke-free policies could help decrease use of e-cigarettes as a cigarette substitute, and, perhaps, increase their effectiveness for smoking cessation. The way e-cigarettes are available on the market – for use by anyone and for any purpose – creates a disconnect between the provision of e-cigarettes for cessation as part of a monitored clinical trial and the availability of e-cigarettes for use by the general population.” Email Share on Twittercenter_img LinkedIn Share Share on Facebooklast_img read more

Installation of largest transformer at sea – excellent example of Holland’s Glory

first_imgDutch offshore companies realized  a unique operation in the North Sea. Under the direction of Seaway Heavy Lifting, one of the world’s largest convertor platforms – a “power socket at sea” – has been installed to the west of Sylt, the East Frisian island. At 83 meters long, 56 meters wide,  and 26 meters high, the SylWin alpha platform is the largest of its type. Because it is so large and heavy the ingenious “float-over” method has been used to lift it from a pontoon onto the already installed “jacket” (the base of the platform). Earlier this year, Seaway Heavy Lifting used its crane vessel  Oleg Strashnov to install the jacket.Siemens commissioned Seaway  Heavy Lifting (based in Zoetermeer,  the Netherlands) to perform the unusual operation, which in turn called in the assistance of maritime service providers Dockwise and Mammoet. The 14,000MtSylWin alpha platform was transported on a pontoon that was positioned in between the jacket legs. The platform was installed onto the legs of the jacket by ballasting the pontoon. Dockwise was responsible for this phase. Mammoet  then used jacks to lift the platform into its final position on the jacket.The SylWin alpha converter platform will serve as a “power socket” for the DanTysk, Sandbank, and Butendiek wind farms, which together comprise 240 wind turbines and represent a generating capacity of 864 megawatt.You will find an animation of the  project via the following link  youtu.be/Rm2-XGv9jW8For more information and to register please visit https://offshore-energy.biz/ [mappress]October 01, 2014last_img read more

Singapore awards high speed railway design contract

first_imgSINGAPORE: Land Transport Authority has appointed AECOM Singapore and a team of specialist consultants to conduct the advanced engineering study for the complete design of the Singapore section of the future high speed line to Kuala Lumpur in Malaysia.The contract includes the provision of architectural, civil engineering, electrical, mechanical and other design services for the Jurong East terminus, the tunnels and the bridge across the Straits of Johor.Specialist consultancy services will be provided by Farrells and Architects 61 (architecture), Applied Wayfinding (branding and signage), CPG Consultants (customs and immigration), Grant Associates (landscaping), Light Cibles (lighting), CBRE (property and commercial) and K&C Protective Technologies (security).Announcing the award of the contract on February 8, LTA said the tender process had been ‘highly competitive’. It said AECOM had extensive experience with high speed rail projects, including planning and design for Beijing Nan station, the West Kowloon Terminus for Hong Kong’s Express Rail Link and the High Speed 2 project in the UK. AECOM Singapore is currently carrying out an engineering consultancy study for the planned Rapid Transit System Link between Singapore and Johor Bahru.The governments of Singapore and Malaysia expect to complete the Singapore – Kuala Lumpur high speed line by the end of 2026, with a fastest end-to-end journey time of 90 min on the 350 km route.last_img read more

Multi-Path GNSS Receiver Dramatically Improves Accuracy in Complex Environments

first_imgFURUNO plans to begin sales of the new GF-88 series time synchronization GNSS receivers incorporating this new technology in April of 2019, and to deploy it widely in fields such as 4G/5G mobile base stations, financial trading, power grids, and data centers.As with earlier systems, the GF-88 will support GPS, GLONASS and the Quasi-Zenith Satellite System (QZSS), and also Galileo satellites. It also supports simultaneous reception from four QZSS satellites including a geostationary satellite Michibiki-3. They expect that supporting multi-GNSS will increase the total number of navigation satellites that can be used. Thus, more satellites will be visible in environments with restricted open sky, greatly increasing the effectiveness of our technology to exclude un-needed signals from non-visible satellites, and realize highly-accurate time synchronization. The GF-88 series also includes a model that implements high holdover performance using a precision crystal oscillator, so that it can maintain high time precision even when the satellite signal cannot be received temporarily due to jamming or other interfering signals. This can be applied to applications requiring high reliability, such as 5G mobile base stations, or applications in finance or power grids.NTT is also continuing research to further expand application areas for GNSS. To compute the four parameters for position and time from navigation satellite signals, signals from at least four satellites must be received, but it is not always possible to receive four or more signals from visible satellites in so-called “urban-canyon” environments obstructed by surrounding buildings. In this study, they have conceived a new satellite selection algorithm in which satellite signals suitable for improving the time accuracy are selected in an iterative selection process based on the estimated reception location and the signal arrival times.This algorithm first selects the signals from visible navigation satellites, and if there are fewer than four, it also selects the minimal number of signals with the smallest propagation delay from non-visible satellites. Thus, in poor reception environments, accuracy is improved by aggressively pruning unsuitable satellite signals. This could be called a “select few” satellite selection method. NTT developed a prototype, with this algorithm incorporated into the GF-87 time-synchronization GNSS receiver from FURUNO, and evaluated its performance in a test environment with multi-path reception. They were able to demonstrate accurate time synchronization with time error of approximately one fifth that of earlier devices.Since this method is able to select the best satellite signals regardless of the number of visible satellites in the environment, antennas can be installed with less attention to the location, and significant increases in accuracy of time synchronization can be expected in a wider range of reception environments. NTT and FURUNO ELECTRIC Co., Ltd. have developed a receiver for GPS and other global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) that dramatically improves time-synchronization accuracy in areas with severe reception conditions such as among buildings and in mountainous areas.By integrating a new satellite signal selection algorithm developed by NTT into a time synchronization GNSS receiver (GF-88) from FURUNO, in addition to signals from satellites in line-of-sight locations, it has become possible to use multi-path signals (reflected or diffracted from buildings and other structures), which previously inhibited accuracy of time synchronization. In a real multi-path reception test environment, time error was reduced to approximately 1/5 of earlier values. This is a remarkable result in that it promises to enable time synchronization accuracy close to that obtained in open-sky reception environments with no obstructions, even in environments previously considered poor and unsuitable for accurate time synchronization, such as among buildings or in mountainous areas.Accurate time synchronization with Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), using Global Navigation Satellite Systems such as GPS, is used in a wide range of fields for synchronizing mobile base stations, financial trading, earthquake measurements, and other purposes. Particularly in recent years, mobile base stations based on TD-LTE and other TDD methods are spreading globally and require transmitted signals to be synchronized accurately, down to the microsecond, to avoid interference of signals between cells.However, in non-ideal reception environments such as among buildings or mountains, with structures surrounding the antennas the open area, where signals from navigation satellites can be received directly, is limited and reception of multi-path signals reflected from or diffracted by surrounding structures can significantly degrade the accuracy of time synchronization. Measures to improve accuracy of time synchronization have been studied in the past, including placing antennas in locations where they can receive signals directly from greater numbers of visible satellites, and also filtering based on the elevation of the signal direction or a signal strength threshold to exclude signals from non-line-of-sight satellites that cannot be seen directly from the receiver location. Even so, these earlier methods were not always able to ensure adequate accuracy, and also had issues with reliability.As such, NTT has developed a new GNSS receiver algorithm for selecting suitable navigation satellite signals and conducted measurements to verify the effectiveness of this algorithm.last_img read more

Ateneo sweeps UP in UAAP volleyball

first_imgAteneo de Manila University Lady Eagles’ Faith Nisperos scores against University of the Philippines Lady Maroons’ Diana Carlos. UAAP PHOTO Ateneo’s only scary moment in the gamewas when UP rallied to within 21-22 late in the third set. But errors from LadyMaroons’ Eurika Eslapor and Maristela Layug and hits by Tolentino ended thematch. John Lomibao led UP with 11 points,anchoring the Fighting Maroons in the early stretches of the match. JoshuaCastillo and captain Mac Millete provided ample support with nine and eightmarkers, respectively./PN In the men’s match, University of thePhilippines Fighting Maroons scored a massive upset against Ateneo de ManilaUniversity Blue Eagles, 25-21, 25-20, 25-22. MANILA – Ateneo de Manila UniversityLady Eagles opened its title retention bid in the UAAP Season 82 women’svolleyball with a 25-13, 25-17, 25-23 sweep of the University of thePhilippines Lady Maroons at the SM Mall of Asia Arena in Pasay City. “We’re so grateful. Finally we have anopportunity to play again in the UAAP. Malakingbagay para sa amin to win the first game of the season. But we will notstop here. One game will not determine our character,” Ateneo head coachOliver Almadro said. The Lady Eagles were impressive rightfrom the start. They established double-digit separation in the first frame foran early buffer. center_img Maria Lina Molde managed nine markers,while Lorie Lyn Bernardo chipped in five points in a losing cause. Rookie Faith Nisperos and JulianneSamonte chipped in 10 markers apiece for the defending champions. Riding on the momentum of that strongstart, the champions never trailed in the match en route to a sweep. Katrina Mae Tolentino tallied 15points, on 13 attacks and three blocks on Wednesday. Diana Carlos emerged as the loneFighting Maroon in double digit territory with 11 points. last_img read more

The Solar Eclipse May Be Visible In Some Parts Of The State

first_imgIf you are getting excited about seeing the solar eclipse in Alaska, the National Weather Service warns that the weather might not be in your favor. But, a partial eclipse will be visible in some parts of the state.Joe Wagmen with the National Weather Service in Anchorage: “Looks like over small strips over western Alaska from Gallina south and down to Dillingham look to be the best chance of seeing the eclipse today.”  Portions of Mexico and eastern Canada will also experience a total solar eclipse. This will provide a second opportunity for people in the U.S. to experience one of nature’s most beautiful astronomical displays. Wagmen: “No! No! We are stuck in rain and clouds for the rest of the week at least.”  Monday’s solar eclipse is being known as one of the biggest astronomical events of the year, but people that miss it will have the chance to see another in less than a decade. FacebookTwitterEmailPrintFriendly分享On Monday, August 21, a total solar eclipse will be visible within a band across the entire United States, passing from the Pacific to the Atlantic coast.center_img For the full story: In Anchorage, the partial eclipse will begin at 8:21 a.m. and hit its maximum at 9:16 a.m. before ending at 10:13 a.m. Those of us in Kenai are going to have a little less visible of a view… On April 8, 2024, the shadow of the moon will once again completely block out the sun across the United States, this time from Texas to Maine.last_img read more

Cutting mosquito numbers in the garden helps control disease

first_imgMid-summer is shirt-sleeve weather, an enjoyable time of year to be out and about with family and friends. But it also is the heart of mosquito season, so beware the escalating health risks caused by their bites.The No. 1 prevention practice is eliminating any standing water that could serve as a mosquito-breeding site.This May 3, 2016 photo shows a fountain in a yard near Langley, Wash., which harbored mosquito larvae until it was emptied, cleaned and then powered up where it became a popular site for bird life. The number one mosquito control practice is eliminating any standing water that serves as a breeding site. (Dean Fosdick via AP )“Still water is a great environment” for the insects, said Scott Zide, founder of Mosquito Squad, a mosquito and tick control service with 200 locations around the nation. “One-hundred-plus mosquitoes can be hatched from a single bottle cap full of water.”Things like tire swings, buckets, fire pits, rain barrels, plant saucers, empty pots, clogged downspouts, ornamental fountains, birdbaths, wheelbarrows, animal dishes and kids’ toys, including wading pools and upside-down Frisbees, can collect enough water for mosquitoes to breed.“These are the kinds of things you have to turn over,” Zide said.Some mosquitoes drop eggs that cling like glue to the sides of water-filled containers, he said. “These you have to sanitize, making sure they’re cleaned and scraped off and with no water left behind.”The life cycle of a mosquito is broken into four parts: egg, larva, pupa and adult. All need water to survive, with temperature and species determining how long each stage lasts. Female mosquitoes generally live less than two weeks.Most mosquito bites only cause itching or skin irritation, but a few of the 200-plus mosquito species in North America carry viruses acquired from birds and animals that can cause debilitating diseases in humans, even death. Among them: malaria, dengue, equine encephalitis, heartworms, West Nile and Zika viruses.“Only a handful of mosquito types feed on humans,” said Laura Harrington, an entomology professor at Cornell University. “Some are generalists, and some mosquitoes are very specific in their blood-host preferences.“Mosquitoes vary in the time of day that they feed as well,” she said. Carriers of Zika, she said, “tend to feed during daylight hours, in contrast to many West Nile vectors (carriers) that feed at dusk, dawn or night.”Some additional tips about reducing mosquito numbers in the yard:— Covers and screens. Place tight lids on containers used for water storage so mosquitoes can’t get inside to lay eggs, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says. Use mesh with holes smaller than an adult mosquito to cover containers without lids.— Irrigation. “Water right over the plant. Don’t overspray. That can produce standing water,” said Ryan Larsen, a civil engineer with NDS Inc., a water management company in Woodland Hills, California. “Install an efficient irrigation system to reduce that.”— Ponds and water fixtures. Install a pump to keep the water moving. “Small pumps work great in small ponds, but they’re not effective as ponds get larger,” Larsen said. “Get fish that will eat mosquito larvae.”— Remove tarps or stretch them tight.— Team Up. Work with your neighbors, especially in neighborhoods with little space between lots, to police areas that could affect each other’s property.Online:For more about mosquito prevention and protection on your property, see this Centers for Disease Control fact sheet: www.cdc.gov/dengue/resources/factSheets/mosquito-control.pdfYou can contact Dean Fosdick at deanfosdick@netscape.netlast_img read more

Kasami leaves Fulham to join Olympiacos

first_imgOlympiacos have completed the signing of Fulham midfielder Pajtim Kasami.The Macedonia-born Switzerland international, who joined Fulham from Palermo in 2011, scored three goals in 38 Premier League appearances for the Cottagers, including a spectacular Marco van Basten-esque volley against Crystal Palace last season.He will now continue his career in Greece following Fulham’s relegation to the Championship.He confirmed the move on his Instagram account, writing: “I would like to thank everyone at Fulham Football Club for their great support, especially to all the fans who have been incredible over the last 3 years I’ve been here. I wish you all the success in the future.” 1 Pajtim Kasami last_img read more

Gang shooting injures two, including 12-year-old boy, in Pacoima

first_imgPACOIMA – Police today were searching for suspected gang members who drove by an apartment complex, yelled “F— Pacoima!” and fired shots from a pistol, wounding a documented 17-year-old Pacoima gang member and a 12-year-old boy who happened to be standing nearby. The incident began at 11 p.m. in the 10900 block of Laurel Canyon Boulevard. The victims, both of whom were not identified because they were minors, suffered minor wounds. One was a documented gang member from Pacoima Brownstones and Crazy Boys who was taken to a local hospital where he was treated for wounds to the right elbow and side, then released. He told police he wasn’t in a gang nor associated with one. The other victim, a 12-year-old boy, who had been standing nearby, was hit by a bullet fragment and was treated for a wound to his right ankle, said Los Angeles Police Detective Dave Peteque. No descriptions of the gunmen were available. Police said the only description they received of the vehicle was that it was burgundy colored with four doors, Peteque said. Police were frustrated at the lack of cooperation of witnesses – one of whom was the uncle of the 17-year-old victim – who told police he didn’t see anything, even though another witness told police the man had been standing near the victim when he was shot. “It’s pretty bad when your own family member won’t cooperate in the investigation,” Peteque said. Anyone with information is asked to call the Mission Division watch commander at (818) 838-9800. —————— For the latest news and observations on crime in Los Angeles and the San Fernando Valley, check out the Daily News’ crime blog by clicking here. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img read more

LOST IN THE STORM! DID YOU LOSE THIS BEAUTIFUL POOCH?

first_imgDog just found in the Lismonaghan area of Letterkenny tonight.Donegal Daily reader Jessica would love to re-united this lovely pooch with its owner.If you can help, email info@donegaldaily.com or leave a message via Facebook or Twitter.  LOST IN THE STORM! DID YOU LOSE THIS BEAUTIFUL POOCH? was last modified: December 27th, 2013 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:dog foundletterkennylismonaghanlast_img read more